Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) Therapy
MyndMove Therapy (upper extremities)
What is MyndMove?
MyndMove is a new and exciting modality developed by MyndTec Inc. right here in Canada! Using an 8-channelled functional electrical stimulation (FES) device, MyndMove’s aim is to improve purposeful movement of a client’s arm and hand. Different from a typical FES system, MyndMove is a dynamic therapy where a patient actively attempts a desired movement assisted by a therapist while being stimulated. It is the hope that with this therapy, an individual would regain purposeful movement patterns to achieve more independence and in turn, improve their quality of life. Currently, MyndMove is helping to treat paralysis in individuals that have suffered from a stroke or a spinal cord injury.
How does it work?
It stimulates the neural pathways engaged when practicing and executing functional movements. MyndMove delivers electrical stimulation to the muscles and then the muscles send a signal to the brain. When patients actively attempt a movement, this sends a signal down to the muscle. Based on the concept of neuroplasticity, a new pathway for the desired movement is established.
There have been numerous clinical studies looking at the effectiveness of MyndMove on recovery. The results have shown that people with high level spinal cord injuries (C1-C7) and anyone with a stroke (acute or chronic) has had some lasting recovery in their upper extremities after an intensive bout with MyndMove therapy.
FES Bike Therapy (lower extremities)
What is FES cycling?
FES cycling uses co-ordinated electrical stimulation to create a cycling pattern. This cycling pattern exercises the large muscles of the legs as running or cycling would do in a person who doesn’t have a spinal cord injury. The FES cycle at Neuromotion/Move is called the RT300. It is made by a company called Restorative Therapies. You can see more information about the cycle on the website: http://www.restorative-therapies.com/
How does it work?
An electrical current is passed through paralysed muscle causing it to contract. The electrical current uses the peripheral nerves to pass the current to the muscle (the peripheral nerves must be intact for a contraction to occur).
Research has shown some positive benefits:
- Increase in bulk of stimulated muscles
- Increase in bone density in some leg bones
- Reduced body fat content
- Improved cardiovascular health (fitness training)
- Reduced risk of diabetes (improved glucose tolerance)
- Reduced spasticity in stimulated muscles
- Maintained flexibility
Feedback from people who use FES cycling:
- Feel happy seeing leg muscles contracting and exercising
- Feel healthy doing regular exercise
- For some people with very high injuries, FES cycling is the only way to exercise at an intensity that provides a fitness benefit