Facial neuromuscular retraining is a technique used to treat individuals who have paralysis or paresis of the facial muscles resulting from injury or disease to their facial nerve. The facial nerve innervates the muscles that create facial expressions. Therapy sessions involve working to identify and isolate weak or tight muscles and developing a program to minimize related complications. Recommendations will be provided regarding eye care, activities to address lack of facial symmetry and exercises to strengthen re-innervated muscles.
Some conditions that affect the facial nerve are:
- Bell’s Palsy
- Acoustic neuroma
- Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome
- Lyme disease
- Congenital Facial Palsy
Facial retraining does not typically help those who may have facial palsy resulting from strokes or head injuries.